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CN Municipal Government II -councillors vs staff

  Differences Between Councillors and Staff Councillors Staff Bring energy to the system. Many radical, new ideas, but frequently not very well thought through. Concerned with stability. Able to discern the difficulties to be encountered in making major changes. Highly competative. Important to be seen to win around the council table. Cooperation more important than competition. […]

Canadian Municipal Administration

Municipal government is not entrenched in the Canada Constitution Act. The province can withdrw this structure at any time. City/municipal Council forms Committees and direct the Departments. The Chief Administrative Officer has less control than the American counter-part, relying on providing perspective to the members and votes only to break a tie vote. For the […]

Canadian Bureaucracy IV

End Notes 1.W.D. Kenneth Kernaghan, Bureaucracy in Canadian Government, (Toronto:Methuen Publications, 1969) 71. 2.Kenneth Kernaghan and David Siegel, Public Administration in Canada a Text, 2nd edition, (Scarborough: Nelson Canada, 1991) 341. 3.Rais A. Khan and James D. McNiven, An Introduction to Political Science, 4th edition, (Scarborough: Nelson Canada, 1991) 300. 4.Kenneth Kernaghan and David Siegel, […]

Canadian Bureaucracy III

There is a conscious effort to harness the bureaucracy as all ministers have a small personal staff to exercise political control. Further control is in effect through orders in council approved by the Governor in Council establishing rules between public servant conduct and the public. Public servants are restricted in the information which is available […]

Canadian Bureaucracy II

More Flexibility Departmental managers were requiring more flexiblility in managing. By the mid-1970’s there was an effort to coordinate approval for resources allocation with already approved programs to efficiently meet objectives (22). Goals and objectives are established in implementable terms by the bureaucracy in a way that gives flesh to a policy. The efficacy of […]

Canadian Bureaucracy

Bureaucratic Influence Upon Canadian Policy Making Janet A McDonald. 1994, ammended 2010. Originally for Political Science 1F90, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Professor Bill Mattheson. The Canadian civil service, in its increasing complexity, exerts significant political and policy influence in the effort to provide good government. Several factors play a part in its development. Power […]

Municipal Government

Canadian Municipalities Municipalities in Canada are not entrenched in the Constitution. Never has been. That means they are vulnerable to the political whims of the upper tiers of province and federal decisions. Effectiveness, economies of scale, terms and rates, lack of equity among municipal governments, effective accountabilityare all issues that face one in municipal governments. […]

What is Communism?

History of Communism Communism as an ideology has been the best critique of capitalism. Marxism’s Brand of Socialism See Hegel, Engels. Lenin applied their theories. Hegel looked at the clash of ideas, of opposites and out of the crisis comes synthesis forming a new idea. Marx puzzled over master exploiting slave, lord exploiting serf, capitalist […]

What is Socialism?

History of Socialism  Socialism is an economic concept with important political implications. In context we see that it is a reaction to liberalism and conservatism moving away from the individual verses group rights and needs to an attempt at a wholistic approach that all of society is interconnected.  Socialism: a system of communal or social […]

What is a Conservative?

History of Conservatism Conservative: (L.) to conserve, save, preserve status quo; to maintain the best of what there is. Edmund Burke (1729-1797) Reflections on the French Revolution: 1. humans are inclined to be bad rather than good, irrational, feelings dominate, 2. unequal in abilities, power, aptitude and capacity, 3. are equal legally and morally. The […]